Species of fish in Lake Champlain

 Lake Champlain is safe for swimming, fishing, and boating. It is considered a world-class fishery for salmonid species (Lake trout and Atlantic salmon) and bass. About 81 fish species live in the Lake, and more than 300 bird species rely on it for habitat and as a resource during migrations. Here are some of the most popular among Lake Champlain anglers.

 

BROOK TROUT - AVG. LENGTH 6"-12"

trout, brookie, brook trout

Also known as "Square tails," this species of trout is found in every area of Vermont. A native of North America, the brook trout enjoys cold, clear waters and can be taken on artificial flies, spinning lures, and live bait where permitted. Brook trout eat aquatic insects, worms, leeches, other fish, frogs, and crustaceans. 

BROWN TROUT - AVG. LENGTH 8"-18"
brown trout,
This trout species was brought to Vermont in 1892 from their native home in Europe. Brown trout are found in the upper regions of the Connecticut River. A great game fish known for strength.
LAKE TROUT - AVG. LENGTH 15"-20"
lake trout, laker, togue,
Actually a char, lake trout or "lakers" are native to Vermont and found near the bottom of Vermont's deep, cold lakes. These big trout can reach 30 or more inches and can weigh more than 20 pounds!
LARGEMOUTH BASS - AVG. LENGTH 8"-15
bass, largemouth bass, largemouth,  
The largest member of the sunfish family in Vermont, they have a large round mouth and are commonly found in lakes and ponds. They like rocky bottoms and feed on crawlers, insects and other fish.
NORTHERN PIKE - AVG. LENGTH 15"-21"
pike, northern pike,
This long, slender fish has a large mouth and sharp teeth. Pike have scales on the upper half of their gill covers, and their tail, dorsal and anal fins have dark sports or blotches.
PICKEREL - AVG. LENGTH 15"-20"
pickerel, chain pickerel,
Chain pickerel are members of the same family that includes northern pike. Pickerel have fully scaled gill covers, and sharp, needle-like teeth.
PUMPKINSEED (Sunfish) - AVG. LENGTH 7"-9"
pumpkinseed, sunfish, panfish, sunnies,
This small, brightly colored sunfish is representative of a group of fish called "panfish", which in Vermont includes bluegill, redbreast sunfish, rock bass, and black crappie. These fish rarely exceed 10 inches, but are plentiful, fun to catch, and excellent eating. They feed on worms, other fish, insects and are also taken on artificial flies and lures.
RAINBOW TROUT - AVG. LENGTH 8"-12"
rainbow trout, rainbow, trout,
This trout is native to the American West, and was introduced to Vermont in the early 1800's. A beautiful fish. The tail and flanks are heavily spotted with small, well-defined black spots. Migratory lake-run rainbow trout, also known as steelheads, are silver-ish in color.
LANDLOCKED SALMON - AVG. LENGTH 12"-20"
salmon, landlock salmon, landlocked salmon,  
Landlocked salmon are identical to sea-going Atlantic salmon. They have a forked tail, silvery flanks, and black spots on the upper half of their body. A great game fish, they prefer the cold waters of Vermont's deepest lakes.
RAINBOW SMELT - AVG. LENGTH 6"-8"
rainbow smelt, smelts, smelt, bait fish,
This small, slender, schooling fish is found in Vermont's deeper and colder lakes. They are a favorite food of lake trout, rainbow trout, and salmon. Often caught ice fishing, rainbow smelts are quite tasty when batter dipped and fried.
SMALLMOUTH BASS - AVG. LENGTH 8"-14"
smallmouth bass, bass,
Smallmouths are closely related to largemouth bass, except they prefer cooler, clearer waters, and have a slightly smaller mouth. A warm water species found in every region of Vermont.
YELLOW PERCH - AVG. LENGTH 4"-10"
perch, yellow perch, rock bass
A favorite food-fish in Vermont and common throughout the state, these schooling fish are easily recognized by their bright yellow color and dark vertical bars.
WALLEYE - AVG. LENGTH 13"-21"
walley, rock bass, walleye,
The largest member of the perch family.  notice the spotless first dorsal fin - an easy way to distinguish walleye from perch or sauger.
BROWN BULLHEAD OR CATFISH - AVG. LENGTH 10"-14"
catfish, horn pout, horned pout, bullhead,
Locals call them "horned pout," the most common member of the catfish family found in Vermont waters. A hearty "bottom-feeder."  Use live worms to catch these feisty fish.